Experience Tips

Ever wanted to try to fit cannabis into your lifestyle?

Choosing the right cannabis product can seem overwhelming with all the options out there. It’s normal to feel confused by the varieties and lingo.

Start by asking yourself what effects you want from cannabis. Relaxation? Relief? Enhancement?

How are marijuana, cannabis and hemp different? A guide to weed terms.

The cannabis plant and its many products come with a complicated and sometimes confusing vocabulary. Many words are used interchangeably, but there are some key differences.

We interviewed experts to compile this guide to explain what these words mean — and what the science says.

Cannabis

Cannabis usually refers to the plant from which various weed products come. Both scientists and cannabis industry professionals use the term.

Marijuana

In the United States, the term marijuana refers to cannabis plants that have a certain level of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is responsible for getting people high. Marijuana is legal in some states but illegal federally.

Other countries, however, rarely use the word and call anything with high THC cannabis. Some U.S. lawmakers have also pushed to abandon the use of the word marijuana, arguing it has racist roots.

Pot, mary jane, dope and kush are slang words used to refer to marijuana.

Hemp

Hemp is cannabis plants that don’t have high levels of THC. Hemp is used primarily for commercial and industrial products such as rope, clothing and even food. It’s legal across the United States.

Cannabinoids

These are a group of compounds unique to the cannabis plant. The two most popular cannabinoids are probably familiar to most people: THC and cannabidiol, commonly referred to as CBD.

There are other minor cannabinoids that are integrated into products on the market. Many dispensaries tout that cannabinol (CBN) can help improve sleep, and cannabigerol (CBG) reduces pain, but experts are skeptical.

Some of these minor cannabinoids have been studied in mice, but there have not been many rigorous studies in humans, said Shanna Babalonis, the director of the UK Cannabis Center at the University of Kentucky.

THC

THC is the primary psychoactive compound from the cannabis plant.

It’s what accounts for the typical weed high, and studies suggest there is a risk of dependence if used often. The most common type of THC is delta-9 THC.

CBD

The second-most prevalent cannabinoid in the plant, CBD is still psychoactive but doesn’t have the same intoxicating effects as THC. Many users report that its more mild effects help mediate pain and regulate anxiety.

According to the World Health Organization, it also has a relatively low or no abuse potential. “We don’t think people will have a problem with drug abuse with CBD,” Babalonis said.

CBD products are legal in the United States, as long as they don’t have more than a certain amount of THC.

Flower

In the industry, flower or bud is used to refer to the part of the dried cannabis plant that can be smoked.

Monique McHenry, director of the Medical Cannabis Center for Research and Education at the University of Vermont, says, scientifically, a flower is the reproductive part of a plant and a bud is a young development on a plant.

Strain

When buying weed, you will be inundated with fun strain names such as “Bubba Kush,” “Girl Scout Cookies” and “Pineapple Express.” This is the industry’s way of differentiating between products, but there’s little science behind it.

“People use these names all over the place but they’re not identifying unique genetic identities or strains like people think they might be,” said Sean Myles an associate professor in agriculture at Dalhousie University.

Sativa and indica

Most cannabis products are labeled as either sativa or indica to help guide consumers on what kind of high they want. Users report that sativa is more uplifting, whereas indica is often described as more relaxing. The anecdotal evidence about differences in indica and sativa have not been supported by science.

The two are distinct species of cannabis, but experts say there aren’t genetic differences between what’s on the market. “If you look at the chemicals, they don’t consistently fall into groups that the market labels sativa or indica,” McHenry said.

Hybrid

Dispensaries also sell products that they say are a mix of both sativa and indica — but experts say this is more of an industry label than anything else.

Terpenes

Many weed products now boast of various terpenes on their labels. These are naturally occurring in the plant and account for the difference in weed smells.

For instance, strains that have terpenes with fruity aromas are often described as “lemon” or “strawberry,” while strains with earthy terpenes might be described as “diesel” or “funky,” Myles said.

Joint

A cigarette, but with cannabis flower. Those with tobacco are called spliffs.

Blunt

An emptied cigar filled with cannabis.

Bowl

A small basin — usually glass — used for smoking cannabis flower.

Bong

A glass water pipe. It can be used for cannabis but also tobacco.

Edible

These are cannabis products that can be consumed. Brownies are a common example, but there are many other sweet (and salty) edibles.

Weed pens

Named for their resemblance to pens, weed pens are used to inhale cannabis and come in two types. Dab pens are specifically for concentrated cannabis products such as wax, shatter and rosin. With vape pens, you’re vaping either flower or cannabis oil cartridges, often called carts.

Tincture

This is a cannabis extract that can also be consumed but is usually faster-acting than edibles, as users will swallow or absorb it under the tongue.

 

Main Product Categories

Let’s break down the main product categories:

CANNABIS FLOWER
The most classic form is dried cannabis buds that grow on the plant. Typically smoked or vaped. The active compounds like THC and CBD are cannabinoids. There are actually dozens of cannabinoids, plus aromatic terpenes, creating different strain profiles.

Some strains are more energizing, some more sedating, some balanced. Inhaled flower also provides the fastest relief.

CANNABIS CONCENTRATES
These refined extracts contain very high cannabinoid potency. Types include vape cartridges, waxes, oils, hash and more. Mostly vaped using specialty gear.

Great for those needing intense doses. You can also find CBD or balanced options without overwhelming intoxication. Concentrates offer unmatched flavor and effects when properly prepared.

CANNABIS EDIBLES
Food and drinks infused with cannabinoids. Options like gummies, baked goods, candy and chewing gum. Effects kick in slower over 30-60 minutes but last longer with full-body effects.

Edibles allow large doses without much volume. Pick stimulating vs. sedating varieties depending on your goals. Start low until you know your tolerance!

CANNABIS TOPICALS
Lotions, balms, oils applied to skin for localized relief. Don’t cause a high since cannabinoids remain near skin receptors. Can reduce inflamed joints and muscles without systemic effects.

CANNABIS TINCTURES
Cannabis extracts diluted into a liquid carrier oil. Applied under the tongue or ingested. Faster onset than edibles. Allows easy customization of dosing. Tradeoff is dealing with messy bottles.

So reflect on what effects you want and how quickly you want them. Start slowly with one product that aligns with your needs and observe how it makes you feel over time.

Cannabis offers many paths to better living.

The Essential Guide to Terpenes

LINALOOL

Profile: Linalool is recognized for its floral, lavender notes.

Effects: It’s commonly associated with soothing and sleep-inducing effects.

Found In: High levels are found in strains like Zkittles and Do-si-dos.

CARYOPHYLLENE

Profile: This terpene is characterized by peppery, woody, and spicy aromas.

Effects: Caryophyllene is known for tension relief and calming effects.

Found In: It’s prevalent in strains like GSC (Girl Scout Cookies) and White Widow.

MYRCENE

Profile: Myrcene has a distinct musky, clove-like, herbal, and citrus scent.

Effects: Known for its relaxation and sleep aid properties.

Found In: Strains like Blue Dream and OG Kush are rich in Myrcene.

HUMULENE 

Profile: It has earthy, woody, herbal, and hop-like aromas.

Effects: Humulene is sought for tension relief and calming properties.

Found In: Common in strains like White Widow and Headband.

LIMONENE

Profile: Limonene is famous for its citrus, fruity, and zesty scent.

Effects: It’s associated with revitalizing effects and mood elevation.

Found In: Found in strains like Super Lemon Haze and Durban Poison.

PINENE

Profile: This terpene has a fresh pine, wood, and earthy aroma.

Effects: Pinene is known for promoting alertness and a sense of euphoria.

Found In: Strains like Pineapple Express and Blue Dream are rich in Pinene.

OCIMENE

Profile: This terpene is known for its citrusy, fruity, and woody aroma.

Effects: Ocimene is often associated with uplifting and soothing effects.

Found In: Ocimene is commonly found in strains like Golden Goat, Strawberry Cough, and Green Crack.

TERPINOLENE 

Profile: Terpinolene offers a floral, nutmeg, and herbal aroma.

Effects: It’s known for its uplifting and creativity-enhancing properties.

Found In: Common in strains like Jack Herer, Ghost Train Haze, and XJ-13.

BISABOLOL

Profile: This terpene has a sweet, floral, and slightly spicy scent.

Effects: Bisabolol is often linked with mood elevation and euphoric feelings.

Found In: Strains like Harle-Tsu and ACDC are known for their Bisabolol content.

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